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ISSN Online :  Under Processing
Journal DOI :  10.31579/jbbp.2018/002
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Current Issue :  Volume 1 - Issue 1 - 2018
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Biotechnology and Bioprocessing : Open Access

About the Journal

Biotechnology is defined as the ‘application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of material by biological agents to provide goods and services
It is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.
Biotechnology has applications in four major industrial areas, including health care (medical), crop production and agriculture, nonfood (industrial) uses of crops and other products (e.g. biodegradable plastics, vegetable oil, biofuels), and environmental uses.
We welcome eminent manuscripts of Research/ Review/ Case Studies/ Short Communications/ Opinions/ Letter to Editors/ Mini Reviews/ Presentations/ Perspective Studies etc. for publication. The wide scope of the journal will aid in contributing a great measure of scientific information related to the advances in towards better healthcare. The Journal is using double-blind peer-review for the manuscript processing. Each article undergoes this peer review process under the aegis of an assigned Editor. To be acceptable for publication, an article should be positively considered by two individual reviewers followed by the Editor’s consent.
Modern biotechnology provides breakthrough products and technologies to combat debilitating and rare diseases, reduce our environmental footprint, feed the hungry, and use less and cleaner energy, and have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes.
Currently, there are more than 250 biotechnology health care products and vaccines available to patients, many for previously untreatable diseases. More than 13.3 million farmers around the world use agricultural biotechnology to increase yields, prevent damage from insects and pests and reduce farming's impact on the environment. And more than 50 biorefineries are being built across North America to test and refine technologies to produce biofuels and chemicals from renewable biomass, which can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
In many instances, it is also dependent on knowledge and methods from outside the sphere of biology including:
bioinformatics
bioprocess engineering
biorobotics
chemical engineering
White biotechnology
Blue biotechnology
Green biotechnology

Recent advances in biotechnology are helping us prepare for and meet society’s most pressing challenges. Here it includes:
Heal the World:
•    Reducing rates of infectious disease;
•    Saving millions of children's lives;
•    Changing the odds of serious, life-threatening conditions affecting millions around the world;
•    Tailoring treatments to individuals to minimize health risks and side effects;
•    Creating more precise tools for disease detection; and
•    Combating serious illnesses and everyday threats confronting the developing world.
Fuel the World:
•    Streamlining the steps in chemical manufacturing processes by 80% or more;
•    Lowering the temperature for cleaning clothes and potentially saving $4.1 billion annually;
•    Improving manufacturing process efficiency to save 50% or more on operating costs;
•    Reducing use of and reliance on petrochemicals;
•    Using biofuels to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 52% or more;
•    Decreasing water usage and waste generation; and
•    Tapping into the full potential of traditional biomass waste products.
Feed the World:
•    Generating higher crop yields with fewer inputs;
•    Lowering volumes of agricultural chemicals required by crops-limiting the run-off of these products into the environment;
•    Using biotech crops that need fewer applications of pesticides and that allow farmers to reduce tilling farmland;
•    Developing crops with enhanced nutrition profiles that solve vitamin and nutrient deficiencies;
•    Producing foods free of allergens and toxins such as mycotoxin; and
•    Improving food and crop oil content to help improve cardiovascular health.

Applications of Biotechnology:

Biotechnology has played major role in agriculture by altering genes, studying and cloning various crops in order to provide better quality products of foods ultimately improving our lives.
Applications of Biotechnology in Medicine:
Biotechnology techniques are used in medicine for diagnosis and treating different diseases. It gives opportunities for the people to protect themselves from dangerous diseases.
Biopharmaceuticals: The drugs are being developed with the use of microorganisms without using any synthetic materials and chemicals. Large molecules of proteins are usually the source of biopharmaceutical drugs. They when targeted in the body attack the hidden mechanisms of the diseases and destroy them without any side effect(s). Now scientists are trying to develop such biopharmaceutical drugs which can be treated against the diseases like hepatitis, cancer and heart diseases.
Gene therapy: It is used in delicacy and diagnoses of diseases like cancer and Parkinson’s. The apparatus of this technique is that the fit genes are under attack in the body which either obliterate the injured cells or replace them. In some cases, the fit genes make corrections in the genetic information and that is how the genes start performance in the favor of the body.
Genetic Testing: It is a technique of heredity is used to conclude the genetic diseases in parents, sex and carrier screening. The technique of genetic testing is to use DNA probes which have the sequence alike to the mutated sequences. This technique is also used to recognize the criminals and to test the parenthood of the child.
Some of its applications are:
Vaccines: Oral vaccines have been in the works for much existence as a likely solution to the increase of disease in immature countries, where costs are excessive to extensive vaccination. By planning and injecting antigenic proteins into the Genetically Modified crops from transferable pathogens that will activate an immune will be a great help in dealing with such diseases.
Antibiotics: Plants are used to create antibiotics for both human and animal use. An expressing antibiotic protein in stock feed, fed straight to animals, is less expensive than traditional antibiotic production.
But, this practice raises many bioethics issues, because the result is widespread, possibly needless use of antibiotics which may encourage expansion of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strain.
 Flowers: There is extra to agricultural biotechnology than just hostility disease or civilizing food quality. There is some simply aesthetic application and an example of this is the use of gene recognition and transfer techniques to improve the color, smell, size and other features of flowers.

Plant and Animal Reproduction: Enhancing plant and animal behavior by traditional methods like cross-pollination, grafting, and cross-breeding is time-consuming. Biotech advance let for specific changes to be made rapidly, on a molecular level through over-expression or removal of genes, or the introduction of foreign genes.
Nutrient Supplementation: In an attempt to get better human health, mainly in immature countries, scientists are creating hereditarily distorted foods that hold nutrients known to help fight disease or starvation. An example of this is Golden Rice, which contain beta-carotene, the forerunner for Vitamin A manufacture in our bodies. People who eat the rice create more Vitamin A, and necessary nutrient lacking in the diets of the poor in Asian countries.
Application of Biotechnology in Food Processing:
Food processing is a process by which non-palatable and easily perishable raw materials are converted to edible and potable foods and beverages, which have a longer shelf life. The method, by which the microbial organisms and their derivatives are used to increase the edibility and the shelf life of foods, is known as fermentation.
Almost one-third of the diet in the whole world consists of fermented food. Hence the process of fermentation must be carefully monitored especially in rural areas as improper method of fermentation may cause contamination of food thereby, affecting the health of the people. Fermentation is also used in preparing microbial cultures, food additives, preservatives, etc.
Biotechnology also plays a very important role in protein engineering. In this, favorable enzymes of the microorganisms, which are responsible for the improved fermentation, are produced commercially at a large scale by culturing the microorganisms in tanks, etc

Bioprocessing:

Bioprocessing is a broad term encompassing the research, development, manufacturing, and commercialization of products prepared from or used by biological systems, including food, feed, fuels, biopharmaceuticals, and cosmetics.
Bioprocess Technology is the sub-discipline within Biotechnology that combines living matter, in the form of organisms or enzymes, with nutrients under specific optimal conditions to make a desired product.

Areas Include Subjects Such As:

Cross-pollination

Recombinant DNA technology

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)Agricultural biotechnology

Animal biotechnology

Applied Biotechnology

Genetically engineered organism (GEO)

Genetically modified organism (GMO)

Genetic engineering

Advanced Bioprocess Products

Advances in Bioprocess Technology

Advances in Biotechniques

Advances in Food Bioprocess Technology

Bioprocess and Systems Engineering

Bioprocess Engineering

Bioprocess Industry and Market Analysis

Bioprocess Manufacturing

Bioprocess Modelling

Bioprocessing and Biopharma Manufacturing

Industrial Bioprocessing

Pharmaceutical Bioprocessing

Stem Cell Bioprocessing

Ultrasound Technologies in Food Industry

Bioprospecting and Biodiversity

Bioprospecting Pros and Cons

Marine Bioprospecting